In the Han Dynasty, glass containers began to appear, such as 19 cm diameter glass plates and 13.5 cm long and 10.6 cm wide glass ear cups unearthed from the tomb of Liu Sheng in Mancheng, Hebei Province. In Han Dynasty, the communication between China and the West was developed, and foreign glass would be introduced to China. Three pieces of purple and white glass fragments were unearthed in a tomb of the Eastern Han Dynasty in Qiongjiang County, Jiangsu Province. After restoration, it was a flat bottom bowl with convex edges and strips. Its composition, shape and stirring technique were all typical Roman glassware, which was the physical evidence of the introduction of Western glass into China. In addition, blue plate glass plate decoration has also been unearthed in the tomb of Nanyue King in Guangzhou, which is not seen in other places in China.
During the Wei, Jin, southern and Northern Dynasties, a large number of Western glassware were imported into China, and the technology of blowing glass was also introduced. Due to the innovation of composition and technology, the glass container is larger, the wall is thinner, and transparent and smooth. Glass convex lenses have also been found in the tombs of Cao Cao’s clan in Bo County, Anhui Province; glass bottles have been found in the pagoda base of the Northern Wei Dynasty in Ding County, Hebei Province; and many polished glasses have also been found in the tombs of Xiangshan Eastern Jin Dynasty in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province. The most wonderful is the glass ware unearthed from the tomb of Sui and Li jingxun in Xi’an, Shaanxi Province. There are 8 pieces in total, including flat bottle, round bottle, box, egg shaped ware, tube shaped ware and cup, all of which are intact.
In the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, the shape of glassware increased. In addition to ornaments such as tubes and beads, there were also Bi shaped objects and Jian tubes, Jian Er, Jian Yao and so on. Glass seals were also unearthed in Sichuan and Hunan. At this time, the glassware is pure in texture, with white, light green, cream yellow and blue colors; some glass beads are also colored into Dragonfly eyes. For example, 73 Dragonfly eye glass beads are unearthed from the tomb of Zeng Houyi in suixian County, Hubei Province, each with a diameter of about 1 cm. There are white and brown glass patterns on the blue glass spheres. The composition of glass beads and glass walls in the middle and late Warring States period was analyzed. It was found that most of these glassware were composed of lead oxide and barium oxide, which were different from the ancient glass in Europe, West Asia and North Africa. Therefore, the academia thought that they might be made in China.
Post time: Dec-03-2019